What is Bone Grafting?
Bone grafting is the act of replacing or strengthening bone in the mouth. At Central Ohio Periodontics, Dr, Sakamoto may recommend a bone grafting procedure when a patient has bone loss in the jawbone caused by missing teeth. Without teeth, the jawbone will begin to lose its shape and deteriorate. Over time, the jawbone reaches a point where there is not enough bone to place a dental implant until the bone is strengthened or reinforced.
There are three types of bone graft procedures: autogenous, allograft, and xenograft.
- Autogenous grafts involve taking bone from a separate area of the patient’s body and transplanting it to the area of the jawbone that requires restoration. The bone section is usually taken from unnecessary bones such as the chin. Autogenous bone grafts can be beneficial because the bone used is taken directly from the patient, and this reduces the possibility of rejection or infection. The bone is also still “live,” meaning it still has active cellular material.
- Allografts also involve the use of human bone. However, allografts usually use bone from cadavers which have been donated to bone banks. All allograft bone material is carefully screened and is determined to be very safe.
- Xenografts also replace bone in the area requiring treatment, but the bone comes from a non-human source. In this case, the bone source is usually bovine, or from a cow.
What is the Bone Grafting Procedure at Central Ohio Periodontics?
Dr. Sakamoto will use local anesthesia to numb the area where the bone will be removed, as well as the location where the bone will be transplanted. He will make an incision to the gums so that he can see exactly how much bone will be needed before harvesting or collecting it.
The new bone will be placed in the jawbone with small titanium screws. Dr. Sakamoto may also insert a mixture of your own bone marrow and some grafting material around the area to help speed up healing. Them, he will stitch the site closed.
After surgery, you will be given antibiotics and other medication and will be asked to follow a restricted soft food diet. Dr. Sakamoto will not be able to place dental implants until your mouth has fully healed, which is typically about six to nine months.
If you are interested in learning more about Bone Grafting, contact us today at 614-575-0070 or firstname.lastname@example.org. We welcome you to our office and encourage you to schedule your appointment today!