What is Gum Grafting?
When a patient experiences gum recession due to gum disease or other issues, a gum grafting procedure raises the gum line to a more attractive level. Gum grafting reduces the amount of tooth exposed and improves the appearance of your smile. Besides the cosmetic benefits this procedure offers, repairing gum recession and the damage caused by gum disease is critical to your health. Since gum tissue acts as the chief line of defense against bacteria, inadequate gum tissue around the teeth can cause bacteria to flourish, inviting a host of health concerns.
The Gum Grafting Procedure at Central Ohio Periodontics
Depending on your oral and physical, Dr. Sakamoto may recommend one of three gum grafting procedures, or a new procedure called Chao Pinhole® Surgical Technique:
- Connective-tissue graft: Connective-tissue grafts are the most commonly performed of the three procedures. During a connective-tissue graft treatment, Dr. Sakamoto obtains the tissue from underneath a flap of skin in the roof of the mouth that is cut and then stitched back together after the extraction. The extracted tissue is sewn to the gum tissue around the unprotected root. As time goes on, the two will fuse together and form a higher gum line.
- Free gingival graft: Free gingival grafts are usually performed when patients have naturally thin gums. Dr. Sakamoto will remove a small area of tissue from the palate and then sutured near the gum line.
- Pedicle graft: Pedicle grafts can be used in cases where a patient has sufficient gum tissue near the tooth that needs repair. Dr. Sakamoto will utilize tissue from that area to create the graft.
Am I a Candidate for Gum Grafting?
If you have gum disease, you may already be experiencing the effects of gum recession. Gum recession is one of the common and obvious manifestations of periodontal (gum) disease. As the gum line begins to erode down the root of the tooth, more of the tooth’s surface is exposed. Over time, gum recession can dramatically alter the amount of tooth revealed. Many patients become self-conscious when their gum line starts to recede because of how their smile changes. Dr. Sakamoto may recommend gum grafting to correct the gum recession problem.
He also may recommend a procedure called Chao Pinhole® Surgical Technique, which is an alternative to gum grafting.